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Erosion Control Measures in New Hampshire: Protecting the Beauty of the Granite State

New Hampshire, nicknamed the Granite State, boasts a diverse landscape of mountains, forests, lakes, and rivers. The natural beauty of this scenic state is breathtaking, and it’s essential to protect it for future generations. One of the biggest threats to New Hampshire’s natural beauty is erosion, which can cause substantial damage to the landscape and threaten the health of its ecosystems. In this blog post, we’ll explore erosion control measures in New Hampshire and how they are vital in preserving the state’s natural charm.

7.5 million tons of soil are lost annually due to erosion in New Hampshire, costing the state around $14 million. Erosion not only harms the environment, but it also has economic consequences. It’s essential to implement effective erosion control measures to prevent soil erosion, protect water quality, and reduce the sedimentation of lakes and rivers.

So, what exactly is erosion control, and how is it done in New Hampshire? Erosion control refers to a set of measures designed to prevent or minimize the effects of erosion. New Hampshire has implemented various erosion control measures to combat soil erosion, including the following:

1. Stormwater Management: Stormwater management systems are designed to reduce the impact of stormwater runoff on the environment. New Hampshire has implemented strict regulations to control stormwater runoff, including the use of best management practices (BMPs) such as ponds, wetlands, and vegetative filters. These BMPs help to slow down runoff, allowing soil particles to settle before entering waterways, reducing sedimentation, and improving water quality.
2. Sediment Basins: Sediment basins are excavated areas that capture sediment-laden runoff. They are often used in construction sites, where soil disturbance is significant. The basins are designed to allow sediment to settle before the water enters nearby waterways, protecting aquatic life and maintaining water quality.
3. Erosion Control Blankets: Erosion control blankets are a cost-effective and efficient erosion control measure. They are made of natural or synthetic materials and are designed to stabilize soil and prevent erosion. In New Hampshire, they are commonly used on slopes, roadsides, and construction sites to prevent soil erosion and promote vegetation growth.
4. Vegetative Measures: Planting vegetation is a natural and effective way to prevent erosion. Vegetation stabilizes soil, reduces runoff, and improves soil health. New Hampshire encourages the use of native vegetation for erosion control, which also benefits local wildlife by providing habitats and food sources.
5. Soil Stabilization: Soil stabilization techniques prevent soil particles from being washed or blown away. Techniques such as mulching, terracing, and contour farming reduce soil erosion and promote soil health. New Hampshire encourages the use of these techniques, especially in areas prone to erosion.
6. Wetland Restoration: Wetlands are vital ecosystems that provide habitat for wildlife and protect against erosion. New Hampshire has initiated wetland restoration projects to restore damaged wetlands and promote their natural functions. Restored wetlands help reduce erosion, improve water quality, and provide a habitat for local wildlife.
7. Education and Outreach: Educating the public and providing outreach programs on erosion control measures is vital. New Hampshire organizes workshops and training sessions for landowners, developers, and homeowners, teaching them effective erosion control techniques and promoting sustainable land management practices.

In conclusion, erosion control measures in New Hampshire are vital in protecting the state’s natural beauty and ecosystems. By implementing effective measures such as stormwater management, sediment basins, erosion control blankets, vegetative measures, soil stabilization, wetland restoration, and education and outreach, New Hampshire is working towards minimizing the impact of erosion. It is essential to continue and expand these efforts to ensure that the Granite State’s natural beauty is preserved for future generations. Remember, erosion control is a joint effort, and we all have a role to play in protecting our environment.

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